Category: Health News

How To Achieve Healthy Teeth & Gums For Long Time

How do you feel about your teeth? Are you happy with your dentist? Do you take care of your precious teeth well enough? We recommend this article if you responded negatively to any of these questions. Get some information that can assist you in moving forward with your dental situation and having healthy teeth.

Avoid Alcohol Contain Mouthwash

Don’t use mouthwash that contains alcohol if you are over 50 years old. Alcohol will cause a burning sensation because your teeth and healthy gums become more sensitive as you get older. The best thing to do is to use an alcohol-free mouthwash that contains some fluoride. You should use it twice a day to achieve optimal results.

Electric Toothbrush

Consider getting an electric toothbrush if you are having trouble brushing your teeth effectively. With these devices, you can thoroughly brush your teeth without having to brush vigorously. In this case, if you have arthritis or if your children are not brushing their teeth properly, this is the best option.

How To Brush Your Teeth Properly?

What method you use to hold your brush influences your brushing success. Hold your toothbrush on your teeth at a slight angle to brush properly. You should then brush in circular strokes which prevent your teeth from depreciating. If you brush hard which damages your gums and so don’t do it. Brush smoothly on your teeth.

Benefits Of Regular Dentist Visit

Plan regular visits to your dentist. Having healthy teeth depends on regular dental visits. Furthermore, your best dentist will be able to identify anything that might occur before it occurs, as well as provide solid advice. If you don’t go to the dentist, you might develop serious problems with your oral health.

To make sure you receive quality dental treatment, you should verify the licensing and credentials of the provider you choose. Your provider must have the knowledge and experience to provide you with high-quality care. Therefore, ensuring they have the skills and background they claim to have is critical to finding the type of professional you deserve.

Use Fluoride Containing Toothpaste

Make sure that the toothpaste you use contains fluoride. While there is natural toothpaste available that does not list this as an ingredient, they do not provide the level of protection fluoride does. If you use one of these brands, you are much more likely to develop dental issues.

How Does Smoking Affect Your Teeth?

If you are serious about dental hygiene, You must stop smoking because Smoking is terrible for gums in many ways. It discolors them and damages your gums too. If your healthy gums don’t get enough blood supply, you are susceptible to many different health problems such as gum disease.


You don’t have much more time. With the above information, you need to prepare for having better control of your oral hygiene. You need to make the right decisions at the right time if you need healthy to be in good hands. Teeth often help make the first impression, and you want yours to be good.

Tips and Tricks : To Help Child With ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is also known as Hyperkinetic Disorder and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). You don’t need to be so confused with these different names, because they describe the same problems in children who are unable to concentrate and are overactive. ADHD is (at least) four times more common in boys than girls. Children are usually diagnosed around the age of 7, but symptoms can persist into adolescence and adulthood.

The behavior of ADHD children is impulsive, hyperactive, and hard to focus. Although they may understand what’s expected of them, they may have difficulty following through because they can’t sit still, pay attention, or pay attention to details. Kids who can’t sit still, who never seem to listen, who don’t follow your instructions no matter how clearly you describe them, or who burst out inappropriate comments at inappropriate times. There are times when these children are labeled as troublemakers or criticized for being lazy and undisciplined. They may, however, have ADD/ADHD.

If you think your child has ADHD, it’s important that you get a diagnosis and start treatment as soon as possible so that his/her symptoms don’t get worse and his/her development isn’t too badly affected.

Symptoms Of ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which a child has difficulty controlling some aspects of his or her behavior leading to three major symptoms; attention difficulties, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

Attention difficulties

  • During work or play, fails to pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes.
  • Is unable to finish tasks or maintain attention during play activities.
  • Seems not to listen to what you said to him or her.
  • Inability to follow through with instructions or finish homework or chores (not due to confrontational behavior or inability to understand instructions).
  • Disorganized about tasks and activities.
  • Try to avoid long-term mental strain tasks like homework.
  • Loses things needed for certain tasks or activities, such as pencils, books, or toys.
  • Easily distracted.
  • Forgetful in the course of daily activities.


  • Moving all the time (Runs around or excessively climbs over things).
  • Can’t sit still (Squirm in their seat, swing their legs, tap their fingers).
  • Talk too much.
  • Cannot play quietly.
  • Left seat in classroom (or in other situations where remaining seated is expected).


  • Do things without thinking (for example, they may run out into the street without checking for traffic).
  • Blurt out inappropriate comments.
  • Shout out answers in class before the teacher has finished the question.
  • Interrupt other people (butts into other conversations or games, find it hard to wait their turn).

What Causes ADHD in Children?

Children with ADHD act without thinking, are hyperactive, and have trouble focusing. Despite understanding what’s expected of them, they have difficulty following through since they can’t sit still, pay attention, or pay attention to details. There are kids who can’t sit still, who never seem to listen, who don’t follow instructions no matter how clearly you present them, or who blurt out inappropriate remarks at the wrong time. They are often criticized for being lazy and undisciplined or labeled as troublemakers. However, they may have ADD/ADHD.

There may be some causes that lead to your child having ADHD. What are they?


A lot of today’s research suggests that genetics play a major role in ADHD. Half of all parents with ADHD will have a child with the disorder. A child with ADHD who has a particular version of a gene has thinner brain tissue in the areas of the brain associated with attention.

Environmental factors

Researchers have found a link between cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy and ADHD in children. Children who are exposed to high levels of lead, which can be found in plumbing fixtures and paint in old buildings, may also be at a higher risk of developing ADHD.

Brain injuries

Some symptoms of ADHD may be present in children who have suffered a brain injury. A very small percentage of children with ADHD have suffered a traumatic brain injury.


The idea that refined sugar causes ADHD or worsens symptoms is a popular one, but more research refutes this idea. According to one study, children were given sugar or a sugar substitute every other day. Children who received sugar showed no differences in their behavior or learning ability from those who received sugar substitutes. Researchers conducted another study in which higher than average levels of sugar or sugar substitutes were given to children.

Food additives

Recent British research indicates a possible link between consumption of certain food additives, such as artificial colors or preservatives, and an increase in activity levels. Research is under way to confirm the findings and to learn more about how food additives may affect hyperactivity.

ADHD Treatment for Children

You know, treatment depends on a child’s exact diagnosis. If there are specific difficulties, it should be taken into account, as well as any strengths that may facilitate improvement.

 The AAP recommends that doctors speak with both parents and teachers when diagnosing ADHD. Moreover, you should determine whether your child has any emotional disorders.

Here are some treatment that suggest by doctors for you:


The most common and effective medications are stimulants like amphetamines, such as methylphenidate (e.g. Ritalin) and dexamfetamine (Dexedrine). Coexisting conditions may also require medication. Taking Ritalin reduces a child’s hyperactivity and impulsiveness and helps them to focus. As a result, they become less aggressive, seem to comply with requests, and become less forgetful.

Educational management

Learning support for coexisting learning difficulties and educational underachievement may be provided to individuals or groups.

Psychological treatment

Anxiety management, cognitive therapy, individual psychotherapy, and social skills training are some forms of psychological treatment.


A healthy diet does not seem to be a significant factor in ADHD for most children. Make sure your children do not have any food allergies. You should consult your doctor and nutritionist before changing their diet.

Is Sleeping Disorder A Serious Issue?

No one likes to discover they’re being seriously impacted by a lack of sleep side effects. A lot of folks even take this serious dilemma as if it were a regular part of life. What’re the dangerous effects, you ask? Let us look at this deficiency of sleep side effects.

Most likely you’re reading this post because you are frightened of having these symptoms later on or have problems with lack of sleep side effects. Some things in this list of side effects are changing you. But as your sleep deprivation continues or gets worse, so too do the symptoms. A few of these side effects that you do not have, you might have as time progresses. Despite the fact that sleep deprivation is dangerous, we have sleep deprivation treatments today.

Side Effects Of Sleep Deprivation You Should Be Aware Of

Among the most immediate side effects you will see, if you haven’t already, is diminished alertness. Actually, it’s like being drunk. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports 1 million injuries are brought on by inattention annually.

The following are some of the side effects of lack of sleep

1) Sheer Fatigue

This isn’t your haphazard “it’s been a really long day” type of tiredness. This is a complete and total feeling of exhaustion, meaning you desire to do absolutely nothing all day long, forever. It’s as if you could fall asleep forever.

Uncovering a rock would be amazing, but that would mean you’d need to really crawl – which is another task you simply do not want to do.

This is the most common physical effect of a deficiency of sleeplessness and sleeps there’s – and it is generally one of the first, if not THE FIRST, to hit. You’re well aware of how tired you generally get after a long day, so this kind of SUPERB TIRED should be pretty easy to see.

2) Impaired Coordination

It is one thing to have not-so-great hand-eye coordination or even a reaction time that is slower than normal, but this is a degree of clumsiness you have never felt before. It’s as though you’re now working in slow motion and have been shot up full of painkillers. It’s like you are a zombie that is dull.

This can get dangerous. Then you’re not going to be a highly regarded asset for very long if your job requires a high attention amount and split-second decision making. Even if you have a fairly simple and “sluggish” job, you still need to drive to get there, right? How smoothly do you think you are going to be able to drive with such diminished motor skills? Your chances of being in an accident have just grown exponentially.

3) Blurred / “Off” Vision

No, you are not blind, but you may find yourself having a hard time seeing things. It’s common to experience a small haziness from time to time when you’re seriously sleep-deprived. But if you experience this effect of insomnia and sleep deprivation in addition to any other effects, you’ll be virtually incapable of doing anything with no disability, but this could cause a problem when performing dangerous activities like working with heavy machines and while driving.

4) General Suffering

You will not be in pain or anything, you will only feel wholly uneasy. And it doesn’t matter if you are in the world’s softest pair of pajamas lying on the world’s fluffiest bed either, you are still going to feel unrelaxed and, for lack of a better word, “icky”. You just do not feel very fresh or in a good mood.

5) A Bunch Of Health Issues

A serious lack of sleep can and WILL result in future health problems. How so? Consequently from too little sleep, your immune system will not be much stronger. Your body needs rest to function correctly and stave off infections that harm your body. Well, it’s safe to say you are not getting that vital rest and are undoubtedly lacking slumber if you are suffering from acute sleep deprivation and insomnia. You are going to get sick easily and recuperate much slower than usual. Don’t forget how important it is to have a good mattress, that will help you improve your quality of sleep

Individuals who continue to lack proper sleep also increase their opportunities for heart disease and stroke as a result of not letting their arteries and organs recuperate. With a fall in slumber, so too is the skill of the body to metabolize sugar, turning sugar into fat.

These are the most dangerous, physical effects of sleep deprivation, and really real. You can pretty much bet that they will appear if the sleeplessness continues although they all will not spring up at the first hint of lack of sleep. Don’t let this happen!

It may be hard to believe that something as simple as having a deficiency of sleep could affect you physically and emotionally, but it does severely affect you and the effects can be negative to your well-being. Take the necessary steps immediately to get the rest so you can prevent these life-ruining physical side effects of having the lack of slumber you need. Don’t let your body go sleep-deprived.

The good news is that the risk of sleep deprivation is being overcome by treatments now. Before taking any medication, talk to your doctor.

Is Cosmetic Surgery a Good Idea?

Plastic surgery is a very common procedure in the modern world. Ten years ago, cosmetic surgery was very hush-hush, but now it is out in the open and everyone is talking about it. In the past, it was for the rich and famous, but today, anyone who is serious about improving their appearance and is able to afford it can do so. It’s about altering that part of the body you don’t like may it be onto your nose, breasts, face, stomach, heaven may be the limit nowadays. The number of plastic surgeries keeps increasing each year due to new techniques and advancements in surgical instruments.

The field of cosmetic surgery, which includes all types of corrective or restorative surgery, has existed for centuries. Surgeries founding father Sushruta was the first one to demonstrate rebuilding surgery techniques in 2000 B.C. Although rudimentary and crude to today’s standards, they were the very first steps as to what we consider today to be really normal cosmetic surgery. People who seek or undergo plastic surgery usually desire to reshape, remove, or correct undesired areas of their bodies, but cosmetic surgery also encompasses additional types of surgery, such as reconstructive surgery, microsurgery, burn treatment, and hands surgery. A specific area of the body must be corrected or restored to function properly in these kinds of surgeries.

The aim of modern society is to look, act, and feel youthful and delightful. It’s stated that plastic surgery has elevated by 50 % forever from the century. That is an outstanding increase that demonstrates how individuals are obsessed with beauty. The fantasy of looking youthful and delightful could become a reality with cosmetic surgery. With the help of a skilled cosmetic surgeon, you can alter your appearance the way you like it. Gender and race aren’t factors in this phenomenon. In addition to Black, Hispanic, and Caucasian people, women and men alike are having plastic surgery.

Typically the most popular aesthetic surgeries include breast enhancement, liposuction, nasal surgery, eyelid surgery, and abdominoplasty. Besides those common surgeries, there are others like breast reduction, breast lift, phalloplasty, butt augmentation, chemical peel, labiaplasty, lip augmentation, otoplasty, facelift, brow lift, oral cavity augmentation Orthognathic Surgery, filler injections, and laser resurfacing. Because of so many surgeries to select from one could end up being the perfect specimen without getting to consume healthily or exercise.

However, getting plastic or plastic surgery isn’t all fun and games when you are getting right lower into it. Many people who’ve cosmetic surgery become addicted and wish for additional surgeries. Getting a lot of surgeries could be harmful not only to your wallet book but additionally to your body. Any time you go below anesthetic and also have the body opened up you risk infection and organ failure. Even though the surgeons take every precaution pre and post-surgery you may still find risks.

Figuring out a suitable plastic surgery specialist to do your plastic surgery ought to be an in-depth process. Ask your medical physician for referrals or buddies who’ve had cosmetic surgery which is happy with their results. Make certain the physician isn’t just bored and condition certified but is certified by the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery or even the American Board of Plastic Surgery.

Create a list of questions for the surgeon to reply to if you have your consultation. Ask your surgeon about the benefits and drawbacks of the surgery. It’s simpler to create a suitable decision should you comprehend the risks involved in advance. Have your physician outline all of the steps for your procedure even pre and post which means you understand not just what’s going to go on throughout the surgery but exactly how lengthy it requires to recuperate and what to prepare for. Testimonials with pictures are an easy way to obtain a sense of what to prepare for after surgery. Ask your cosmetic surgeon if he’s any from previous clients.

Do You Know What Obsessive-compulsive Disorder Is?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental illness characterized by repeated unwanted thoughts or sensations (obsessions) or the urge to do something repeatedly (compulsions). You may not want to think or do these things, but you feel powerless to stop. OCD is commonly associated with depression, which is not surprising. Since OCD is a depressing disorder, it is easy to see how someone could develop clinical depression when their daily lives are filled with unwanted thoughts and urges to engage in senseless and excessive behavior (rituals).

OCD Symptoms – Obsessions

Most people at some point have concerns and worries that they exaggerate and call obsessions. Here are some common obsessions:

  • Fear of contamination from germs, dirt, poisons, and other environmental and physical factors
  • Fear of illness, accidents, or death to oneself or to others. 
  • An excessive concern for symmetry, precision, and orderliness
  • Excessive worries about health, religion, or morality
  • Aware of and able to remember things.

A person may be obsessed with something all the time. In addition to physical objects, situations, smells, or what is said on television, radio, or in a conversation, they may also be triggered by the conditions around them. Obsessive fears usually extend beyond a specific trigger – such as a bottle of coolant – to include anything that might look like it or have been near it, such as cars, supermarket shelves, a puddle on the road, car keys, and petrol stations.  

An obsession can change in nature and severity and is not rational. Anxiety leads to vigilance for potential threats and a desperate need for certainty and control. As a result of obsessions, one can feel irritated, uncomfortable, and anxious, as well as disgusted and overwhelmed. 

OCD Symptoms – Compulsions

Compulsive behaviors (actions) and cognitive behaviors (thoughts) can both be compulsions. Compulsions are repetitive actions that usually follow a specific pattern or are performed according to specific rules. In most cases, compulsive behaviors are undertaken to avoid or reduce the anxiety created by obsessive thoughts and to make things feel just right

The following are Some Common Compulsions:

  • Hand washing, bathing, and brushing your teeth excessively
  • Excessive cleaning and washing of surfaces, household items, and vehicles
  • Checking locks, electrical appliances, and other safety-related items frequently
  • An activity or action that is repeated on a regular basis, such as reading, writing, walking, picking up something, or opening a door
  • Place items, furniture, books, clothes, etc. according to rigid rules and patterns
  • Tapping, touching, or moving in a specific way or a certain number of times
  • In need of constant reassurance or asking questions constantly
  • Repeating words or numbers mentally a certain number of times, or focusing on ‘good’ or ‘safe’ numbers
  • Replacing negativity with positivity. 

Compulsions are usually like rituals; they have specific rules and patterns, and they repeat constantly. Compulsions provide illusory relief from anxiety for a short time. In fact, they reinforce anxiety by making the obsessions seem more real, causing anxiety to return soon after. 

Causes of OCD

OCD Disorder causes are unknown There are several theories about the causes of OCD, including:

  • Compulsions are learned behaviors that are repetitive and habitual when they are related to relieving anxiety. 
  • OCD is inherited and genetic in origin. 
  • These conditions are caused by chemical, structural, or functional abnormalities in the brain.
  • OCD symptoms are exacerbated and maintained when distorted beliefs are embraced.

There is a possibility that several factors interact to trigger OCD. Stressful life events, hormonal changes, and personality traits may also contribute to the underlying causes.

How OCD is treated?

There are several OCD treatments, as listed above

  • Psychological treatments like cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Anxiety management techniques 
  • Education and support groups
  • Medications. 

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Cognitive behavior therapy aims to change patterns of thinking, beliefs, and behaviors that may lead to anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. In this therapy, symptoms are controlled through education. In education, myths about the causes of OCD are exposed. 

Treatment involves gradually exposing the individual to situations that trigger their obsessions while also reducing their avoidance and compulsion behaviors. Usually, the process begins with less feared situations. Daily exposure tasks and prevention of compulsions are repeated consecutively until anxiety decreases. 

With time, this allows the individual to rebuild trust in their ability to handle and function despite anxiety. A process like this is called exposure and response prevention (ERP).

Cognitive behavior therapy should be conducted by a skilled, trained mental health professional. This type of treatment may be flawed if you use excessive alcohol, drugs, and medications.

Anxiety Management Techniques for OCD

A person can manage their own anxiety symptoms through anxiety management techniques. Relaxation techniques, slow breathing techniques, mindfulness meditation, and hyperventilation control are just a few of the techniques that can relieve chronic stress. In conjunction with a cognitive behavior therapy treatment program, these techniques are most effective when used regularly.

OCD Support Groups and Education

Support groups allow people with OCD and the families of those with the disorder to gather comfortably and safely to exchange support. Furthermore, the groups provide an opportunity to learn more about the disorder and build social networks. 

Medication for OCD

OCD symptoms have been reduced by certain medications, especially antidepressants that affect the serotonin system. Only a medical professional can prescribe this medication.

Nausea, headaches, dry mouth, blurred vision, dizziness, and fatigue are common side effects of antidepressants. After the first few weeks of treatment, these effects often diminish. You should discuss your side effects with the Best Psychiatrist In Coimbatore if they are severe or last for a long time. 

Usually, it takes several weeks for the medication to take effect. Under medical supervision, the dose should be reduced slowly when reducing or stopping the medication.

Children with rheumatic fever who develop Sydenham’s chorea are at an increased risk of developing OCD, so early treatment with antibiotics can reduce the chances of future obsessive thinking.

Hospitalisation for OCD

For some people, hospital treatment and assessment are helpful, particularly when symptoms are severe. Hospital stays can last for several days to a few weeks. 

Self-help tips for people living with OCD

In addition to seeking therapy, you can help yourself in many ways. Here are some suggestions:

  • Focus your attention on something else (like exercising or playing a computer game). A positive step toward coping with compulsive behaviors is the ability to delay their onset.
  • Make a note of every obsessive thought you have. You can use this to identify how repetitive your obsessions are. 
  • Help ease them when you feel the urge. Consider locking the door with extra attention if you compulsively check that it is locked after your arrival. Later, if the urge to check again arises, it will be easier to re-label it as ‘just an obsessive thought’.
  • Rather than suppressing your obsessions, set aside a time during the day to obsess. The rest of the day should be free from obsessions and compulsions. *If you have thoughts or urges throughout the day, write them down, save them for your worry period, and continue on with your day.
  • Engage in self-care. Stress does not cause OCD, but it can trigger or worsen obsessive and compulsive behavior. Practice relaxation techniques (including mindfulness meditation and deep breathing) for at least 30 minutes every day.

Increased Prevalence of Irregular Periods and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Women’s and its Treatments

Almost every woman has menstruation that lasts for four to seven days a month. Every woman receives their menstrual cycle after every 28 days. Thus the menstrual period is still examined to be regular if you get it every 24 to 38 days. Your menstrual is inspected as irregular when the time between your menstrual flow keeps changing. 

Some Cases of abnormal menstruation include:

  • Amenorrhea – Amenorrhea is when you miss one or more periods. It is a symptom of a curable state. There are two types of Amenorrhea they are:
  1. Primary Amenorrhea – Primary Amenorrhea occurs when you did not get your first menstrual flow by the age of 15. 
  2. Secondary Amenorrhea – Absence of menstrual flow for more than six months in a woman who was formerly getting her menstrual cycle.  
  • Oligomenorrhea –  Oligomenorrhea is a state where you obtain unusual menstrual flow. It occurs in women after their delivery. 
  • Dysmenorrhea – In dysmenorrhea you experience painful menstruation caused by uterine contractions. Here pain lasts for about 12 to 72 hours. You may also get symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, and fatigue.

There are many bases of getting abnormal periods differing from stress to many serious underlying conditions which can be treated by the Best Gynaecologist. Your doctor will examine your menstrual cycle report and also perform physical analysis such as pelvic ultrasound test and endometrial biopsy test for further treatment. 

PCOS/PCOD Treatment:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a state that affects a woman’s hormone level. This hormonal change causes them to skip their menstrual cycle and makes them flexible in pregnancy. In a study, they have found that up to seventy percent of women with PCOS hadn’t been diagnosed. The best Way To Cure PCOD is to plan a regular visit to a doctor. You will require efficient tests such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and feasible tests. 

Familiar Symptoms in PCOS:

  • Lack of ovulation means that the lining of the uterus does not ovulate every month.
  • The lining of the uterus takes a long time to form, so your period may be heavier than usual.
  • More than 70% of women with this condition develop facial and body hair, including back, abdomen, and chest hair. 

Male hormones can make the skin look oily than usual and cause breakouts in areas such as the face, chest, and upper back.

Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

 Women with PCOS suffer from gynecological, reproductive, and metabolic comorbidities throughout their lives. An increased rate of risk in mood and anxiety disorders has been recently reported in women with PCOS. Women with PCOS are also at increased risk of developing symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder. Stress takes place when you feel you cannot handle any situation. It will be helpful for you to spend some time relaxing or doing any other activities which you love.  If you feel you cannot manage your stress level you may consult a Best Lady Doctor In Bangalore for further treatment. 


Treat Pa helps you to choose the Best PCOS Doctor in Bangalore from the partnered hospitals and clinics which provides you with an easy experience of PCOD treatment at an affordable cost. Our Medical coordinator will assist you to choose the gynecology specialist in Bangalore. 


A Guide to Diagnosing & Treating Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are concrete masses that are made of many tiny crystals. They are like lumps and may develop in one kidney or both at the same time. They are normally small but solid deposits and are medically termed as nephritis, calculi, or renal lithiasis. They are made up of minerals and salty acid. The development of a kidney stone might be because of a number of causes and it affects the urinary tract part from the kidneys to the bladder. More often, stones are formed when the urine becomes undiluted and allows minerals to make crystals and stick them together. Though the passing of a kidney stone is extremely torturing, it does not usually cause any damage. Kidney stones treatment can reduce the severity of pain in the flanks or lower back.

What are Kidney Stones Made of?

There are many types and colors of kidney stones. The way you treat them and prevent new stones from forming is determined by the type of stone you have.

Calcium stones (80% of stones)

Calcium stones come in two forms: calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. The most common calcium stone is calcium oxalate. A high level of calcium in the urine can increase the risk of calcium stones in some people. Calcium stones can form even with normal amounts of calcium in the urine.

Uric acid stones (5-10% of stones)

An acid called uric acid results from chemical changes in the body. In acidic urine, uric acid crystals do not dissolve and instead form a stone. Acidic urine may be caused by:

* Gout

* Type 2 diabetes (high blood sugar)

* A diet containing a lot of animal protein and a few fruits and vegetables

* Being overweight

* Chronic diarrhea

Struvite/infection stones (10% of stones)

Struvite is a rare type of stone. Chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs) are related to these stones. The bacteria can make the urine more basic or alkaline by reducing its acidity. In alkaline urine, magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) stones are formed. Stones of this type are often large, have branches, and are very fast-growing.

Patients with chronic urinary tract infections, such as those with tubing in their kidneys or bladders, or those with impaired bladder emptying due to neurological disorders (paralysis, multiple sclerosis, and spina bifida), are more likely to develop these stones.

Cystine stones (less than 1% of stones)

Cystine is an amino acid that appears in certain foods. Its main role is to build proteins. The metabolic disorder cystinuria (excess cystine in the urine) is rare. It occurs when the kidneys do not reabsorb cystine from the urine. High levels of cystine in the urine can cause stones to form. The formation of cystine stones usually begins in childhood.

What causes kidney stones?

If someone is going through the condition, he might need nothing more than a pain killer or plenty of water to excrete stones. Somehow there is not a single reason behind the development of these stones but there may be several factors. Stone formation takes place due to calcium, oxalate crystals, and uric acid in the urine.

Most of the foods contain calcium oxalate at high levels such as chocolate, some fruits, or nuts while the liver itself makes oxalate in the body, intake of vitamin D in high value, diets, surgeries that may increase the risk of oxalate in the urine. The other form of calcium is phosphate. Uric acid stones are formed due to insufficient intake of liquid fluids or by those who perspire a lot and take rich protein meals and some genetic factors also cause to form uric acid stones.

Some calculus is formed by a genetic disorder that causes the kidney to discharge much amount of amino acids. A stone can not show its symptoms until it moves over the kidney or urinary tract which is a long tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder. At this stage, the following signs and indications can occur: extreme pain at the backside and near the ribs, pain sensation that starts spreading in the lower abdominal area and groin, discomfort and pain which is felt in waves that fluctuate in intensiveness, irritation, and intense pain during urination, change the color of urine such as pink, brown or red, or bubbly smelling urine, feeling urine repeatedly, fever or nausea or infection. All these are symptoms of kidney stones.


In a health exam, X-rays can identify silent kidney stones, those without symptoms. Others have their stones diagnosed when sudden pain occurs while the stone is passing, and they should seek medical attention.

People who have blood in their urine (hematuria) or sudden abdominal or side pain may need an ultrasound or CT scan to determine if they have a stone. Using these imaging tests, the health care provider can determine the size and location of the stone.

When a stone is suspected, a CT scan is often performed in the emergency room. The reason it is used is that it can provide a quick, exact diagnosis.


Depending on the type of stone, how bad it is, and how long you’ve had symptoms, the treatment will vary. There are different treatments available. It is important to speak with your physician about the treatment options available.


Tamsulosin is the most common medication prescribed for this purpose. The ureter is relaxed with Tamsulosin (Flomax), making it easier for the stone to pass. As you wait to pass the stone, you may also need pain and nausea medication.


A stone in the ureter or kidney may require surgery if:

* The stone does not pass.

* Waiting for the stone to pass is too painful.

* Kidney function has been affected by the stone. Usually, kidney stones that don’t cause pain or infection can be left alone. Occasionally, people choose to have their small stones removed. They do this because they are afraid the stone will suddenly start passing and cause pain.

Surgical removal of kidney stones is necessary if they cause repeated infections in the urine or if they block the flow of urine from the kidney. Nowadays, surgery usually involves small or no incisions (cuts), minimal pain, and little time off work.

Surgery to remove stones from the kidneys or ureters includes:

*Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL)

*Ureteroscopy (URS)

*Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

Surgical procedures other than those listed above

Other kidney surgeries are rarely used to remove stones. All other less invasive procedures should be tried first before attempting open, laparoscopic, or robotic surgery.

Consult the best nephrology doctors in the city for more information.

How to Deal with Seasonal Affective Disorder?

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is an issue that comes up every year, and yet how many of us take time to really check in with ourselves with how seasonal changes may be impacting us? Seasonal Affective Disorder is a mood disorder that is often reported between the months of November and October, and for most individuals can feel like depression.

Is seasonal affective disorder (SAD) common?

Young adults are more likely to develop it. Women are at higher risk of SAD than men, but researchers aren’t sure why. Seventy-five percent of people who get seasonal affective disorder are women.

The seasonal affective disorder may be accompanied by other mental conditions, such as:

*Panic disorder

*Eating disorder

*Anxiety disorder

*Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

People who experience SAD will likely experience a range of symptoms that can include trouble getting up in the morning and being lethargic throughout the day at work or at school. While preparing holiday feasts with family and shopping for presents can be anxiety-inducing, many find themselves feeling more prone to having much more difficulty in handling anxiety, and feeling irritable and nervous. 

Much like melancholy, SAD is additionally characterized by changes in slumber, a reduced sexual desire, withdrawing from others in isolation, and not being able to appreciate the typical things people find often happiness with during vacations. A holiday season that emphasizes being joyful with family can be hard to cope with if there are any unresolved problems in our lives. Many see comfort and some craving in foods that are rich in carbs, which may also leave a short feeling of contentment and fullness, and later discouragement from unwanted weight gain to them.

Managing Seasonal Depression – 8 Effective Strategies

1.Take a Mental Health Holiday

There can be a lot of pressure during the holidays in purchasing and shopping gifts, traveling and seeing relatives, and putting on a cheerful face for the benefit of others. When individuals work hard to meet unrealistic expectations and strive, tension and stress can often follow. If any of this sounds familiar to you, then QUIT. Traveling relieves stress on the mind and body. As you are traveling on the road, your mind, body, and soul are being purified at the same time. You are also being enriched in new experiences as you explore your new surroundings. You will find that traveling makes your life more meaningful and gives you the opportunity to experience a different aspect of yourself every time you travel.

2.Embrace Your Empathy

So frequently we feel swept up in the daily grind of our lives or trapped by our own challenges during the holidays that we forget about others. Reaching out to someone you know (or even a stranger) with kindness can make a difference to both the person and yourself. Sometimes even a small act of compassion for example calling a family or friend you haven’t seen or talked to in a while can mean a lot more than you realize because we all desire connection. The action of being encouraging and listening can help lift the mood of the giver and the recipient.

3.Give yourself a break from pleasing everyone

There is always someone in the family who takes on the herculean job of ensuring that everyone else is happy whether it means taking on more than they can handle alone, hosting a holiday dinner, or doing all the Christmas shopping. You will be protected by creating boundaries for how much you can do from being burned out. Let go of the need to make perfect holiday memories with friends and family, and you’ll most likely feel a sense of independence to enjoy things as they are and not get stuck in how you believe they should be.

4.Keep Constant Sleep and Eating

It has been reported that sleep, which in turn can affect our disposition and ability to take care of pressure, can be affected by SAD. It is important to correct our sleep with the seasonal changes so that individuals can get the sleep they need and enhance their energy level during the day. Vacation dinners generally offer a bevy of guilty pleasures in the kind of other foods, garlic mashed potatoes, and pumpkin pie that make our mouths water in craving foods. Individuals in a depressed mood can sometimes eat for comfort and later find that their weight gain only adds to their low mood and prognosis that is negative. Create a balance for yourself by being aware of what you indulge in, and prepare foods that are rich in protein and vegetables. Remember that it is natural to gain some weight during the wintertime, and also make sure to take kratom pills to help you get rid of those symptoms.

5.Get More Sun (or Some Glowing Light)

One critical factor of Seasonal Affective Disorder is the lack of light during the winter. While feeling depressed and the wish to hibernate may be in your head, individuals should allow it to be a priority in order to get as much light from the sun as possible to get outside. Spending time outside and in nature can actually help improve your mood and energy level. If you can’t get more sun in your day then look up light therapy, which is an approach used to treat SAD by supplying up to 10,000 LUX of light, which can be a suitable replacement for being outside in the sun. Taking a winter vacation somewhere that is brighter and has a climate that is warmer, can also reduce or relieve some of the symptoms of SAD.

6.Maintain a balanced diet

Try to stick to nutritious foods, even if your body craves carbohydrates and sugars. You can get enough energy from a healthy diet that contains vitamins and minerals.

7.Develop Your Mental Health Immune System

Frequently people that experience SAD have been prescribed antidepressant drugs such as Prozac or Zoloft during the beginning of their symptoms in the Autumn, and slowly going off of them by the Spring. The same way we get our flu shot and see our doctor has a tendency to our physical health, it truly is as important to get a mental health check-up.

8.Link with Support

Everyone must feel unconditional acceptance and support. Occasionally individuals close family members or can locate a sense of belonging and peace of mind through their church, a group of buddies. For some people this holiday, they may need to locate refuge wherever or with whoever may be a safe place or individual to talk our thoughts with, and who can listen to us. Our private safety of connection and support can be anything from a 12 step meeting, place of worship, therapist’s office, or even being in nature. Locate your sanctuary or area of support and take an effective part in your internal healing and peace of mind.

Being proactive about your mental health is significant to how you can work through challenges in life. By talking about SAD individuals can minimize stressful parts of the holidays and the frenzy so that they’ll find hope and create moments of joy and more smiling.

There are treatments available for SAD. With the right diagnosis and treatment combination, people can find relief from the symptoms they are experiencing. Consult your best psychiatrists to determine the right treatment for you.

Can Artificial Heart be Possible?

The development of artificial hearts has made a significant difference in the lives of many heart-compromised victims. When it comes to a standard heart transplant, it is very difficult to match the recipient with a viable donor heart. For a donor heart to be viable, it must be taken from a patient with no brain activity that is still surviving via life support. There are many in-depth tests conducted on tissues and blood to ensure that the new heart is a likely match and to ensure that the recipient will be able to receive a new heart.

Until recently, patients with dysfunctional or severely damaged hearts faced a heart transplant as their only possible path to a long life; however, there are only approximately 2,000 heart transplants performed annually in the United States, leaving many more thousands of patients facing potential death each year. New technology has developed artificial hearts that provide transplant patients with a new avenue to life.


An artificial heart is a type of man-made mechanical device that replaces the human heart in a patient’s body. The average human heart beats 60 to 100 times per minute with the right and left atria pumping blood to their respective ventricles at the same time. The ventricles then contract together to push blood out of the heart and into the body.

These man-made heart technologies perform the same process, but slightly differently. Whereas the human heart’s atria work simultaneously, a man-made heart pushes blood out of one ventricle at a time, alternating sides. This results in the heart pushing blood out to the lungs and then to the body, rather than to both at the same time as is done with a natural human heart.

Beyond the heart – or pump – there are several additional pieces of technology that must all work together to keep the artificial heart functioning.

Wireless Energy-transfer System:  This system contains two coils that send power from an external battery across the skin (without piercing the surface) using a magnetic force. One of the coils is internal, whereas the other is external. The internal coil will receive the power and transmit it to an internal battery and controller device (two additional system components). This wireless energy-transfer system is also called a transcutaneous energy transfer – or TET, for short

Internal Battery: A rechargeable battery is implanted inside the patient’s abdomen. This battery provides the patient with a 30-40-minute window that they can disconnect from the main battery pack, allowing them to do certain things such as taking showers

External Battery: This rechargeable battery provides approximately four or five hours of power between charges and is worn around the patient’s waist on a Velcro belt pack

Controller: The controller is a small electronic device that is implanted into the patient’s abdominal wall and controls and monitors how fast the heart is pumping

On the whole, this man-made heart system weighs approximately two pounds. The artificial heart is made from plastic and titanium and connects to the right and left atriums, aorta, and pulmonary artery.


The man-made heart transplant procedure is an open heart surgery that requires the chest to be opened in order to operate on the heart muscle, valves, arteries, or other areas of the heart such as the aorta or vessels. This surgery takes approximately seven hours to complete due to the in-depth, complex process of not only removing the existing heart but replacing it with a man-made technology that needs to be manually connected and tested to ensure a proper fit and functionality. 

An anesthesiologist will administer general anesthesia to put the patient into a deep sleep, ensuring they do not wake during the course of the surgery or experience any pain. The surgeon will make a long incision down the chest before opening the breastbone to access the heart; at this point, the patient will be put on a heart-lung machine. 

The heart-lung machine is a standard technology used for on-pump surgeries; it temporarily pumps oxygen-rich blood to the organs and tissues as is usually done by the heart. This requires the surgeon to operate on a non-beating heart without blood actively pumping through it.

Cardiac Surgeons then remove very specific portions of the native heart before placing the artificial heart to garner a proper fit and placement. The surgeons then develop grafts and connect the new heart to the body. The patient is taken off of the heart-lung machine, allowing the new device to fill with blood; at this point, the surgeons can confirm whether the new heart is functioning properly. 


Recovery time varies greatly by patient depending on the patient’s condition before the surgery. The hospital stay following surgery may last one month or even longer. Following heart surgery, the patient can expect to remain in the intensive care unit for several days before transitioning to a standard hospital room.

Once home, transplant patients will be able to do many more “standard” activities than they could before the procedure, such as getting dressed, moving freely around the house, and – potentially, even driving. 

Patients can bathe or swim as long as internal batteries are charged. They will need to attend regular checkups with their medical team following the surgery to ensure the device is functioning properly and that recovery is progressing. Ongoing medication is necessary to prevent blood clotting and infections.

How to get rid of hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Piles also referred to as hemorrhoids, a stack of swollen and inflamed tissues that are found in the anal area. Their size may vary. Piles found inside the anus are internal hemorrhoids and those found outside are external hemorrhoids. When the internal pile becomes red and sore, it causes swelling.

Piles occur when the tissues protecting the anal area get swollen, sore and the anal passage becomes stretched, thin, and causes irritation, especially during defecation.   They usually range in size from as small as a pea to a grape and can develop in the rectum or protrude through the anus. Hemorrhoids can be itchy and slightly sore or downright painful. Sometimes they even cause rectal bleeding, especially if you have a bowel movement.

Why are piles more common during pregnancy?

 Although hemorrhoids can occur at any time, most pregnant women will start to develop hemorrhoids in the third trimester of pregnancy, at the 28th week. Increased blood flow to the pelvic area, as well as pressure from the enlarged uterus and the growing baby. It can cause the veins that run through the anus to swell. Constipation can also cause piles. With the help of a minimally invasive laser technique, getting rid of piles is now quite easy. It is a single-day treatment process. Treat Pa collaborates with the best piles hospitals that offer advanced surgery to treat internal piles.

What causes hemorrhoids during pregnancy?

As many as 50% of women will develop hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Causes of hemorrhoids during pregnancy Increased volume of blood that leads to larger veins, pressure on the veins near the anus and growing uterus of the baby, changes hormones, constipation, may be more prone to constipation during pregnancy.  A recent study, a reliable source, found that out of 280 pregnant women, 45.7 percent had constipation, which could be due to long periods of sitting, hormonal changes, or taking iron or other supplements. People with the below symptoms are more prone to piles: · The ones who do not have an active lifestyle · People who are obese or overweight · People who don’t include fibre-rich food in their diet · Poor hygiene habits · Exertion during bowel movement· Prolonged standing · Pregnant ladies Genetic predisposition. But don’t worry there are several treatments available. Consult the best doctor for piles to get rid of hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

What are the ways to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy? 

While you cannot change the rise in hormones and stomach growth during pregnancy, your diet and exercise are very helpful in treating hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Good water intake to make the stool softer and less painful. It doesn’t have to be of great effect to be effective) Refraining from sitting on the toilet for long periods of time when you are not having a bowel movement Always speak to your doctor before increasing your exercise routine to make sure you can exercise safely during pregnancy.  When home remedies cannot deliver expected results, it becomes vital to consult the best hospitals for piles treatment near your location. 

What are the treatment methods for hemorrhoids

Treatment for piles depends on the severity of the disease. While external hemorrhoids are visible and easy to detect, the diagnosis of internal piles requires a clinical rectal examination.

 Medical treatment for hemorrhoids includes: 

Rubber Band Ligation. Banding involves placing a small rubber band around the base of hemorrhoid. The tape stops blood flow to hemorrhoid and eventually to hemorrhoid. This usually takes 10-12 days. During this process, scar tissue forms, preventing the hemorrhoids from reappearing in the same location. 

Sclerotherapy. A chemical solution is injected directly into the hemorrhoids. As a result, it shrinks and scar tissue forms. It is possible that hemorrhoid may return after this treatment. 

Hemorrhoidectomy. This is a surgical procedure used to remove hemorrhoids. It comes with several risks, including general anesthesia, risk of anus muscle damage, increased pain, and increased recovery time. Therefore, this treatment is only recommended for severe hemorrhoids, or for complications such as many hemorrhoids or prolapsed hemorrhoids. Stapled hemorrhoidopexy. 

The hemorrhoidal tissue is reinserted into the anus and held in place with surgical clips. You may suggest using absorbent bandages to tie the hemorrhoid site to prevent excessive bleeding. For a cure, laser treatment is done using a pretty high-intensity laser beam to treat the affected area. This technique is minimally invasive and is more effective than traditional surgeries in the medical market. Treat Pa, can help you get the best piles treatment in Bangalore. If you’re a woman, you can rest assured that you will be treated well at a hospital with lady doctors for piles in Bangalore who are highly skilled and experienced in this field.