What does an orthopedic doctor do, how and who does he treat?
An orthopedic doctor diagnoses and determines the treatment of all diseases and temporary post-traumatic disorders related to the organs of the musculoskeletal system, and also conducts prophylactic procedures for the occurrence and recurrence of pathologies in this area. Only a private orthopedist does not require a referral for consultation.
An orthopedic specialist deals with diseases affecting a person throughout his life – from genetic defects in infancy, through developmental disorders, to acquired pathologies of the locomotor system and diseases that develop with age. Depending on the target group of patients, in the field of orthopedics, there are, among others, pediatric orthopedists, sports orthopedists, or orthopedic surgeons.
Who is an orthopedist?
An orthopedist is a specialist doctor who focuses in his work on diagnostics and conservative and surgical treatment of all congenital or acquired diseases, diseases, and post-traumatic lesions of the locomotor system, mainly the skeleton (except for the skull bones), the ligament and joint system of the body, as well as muscles and nerves. The orthopedist also determines and conducts preventive measures for the appearance, progress, and recurrence of changes in the locomotor system. He often collaborates with other specialists, e.g. a neurologist, rheumatologist, or physiotherapist, providing comprehensive medical care to his patients.
What does an orthopedist do?
An orthopedic specialist deals with the diagnosis (diagnosis) and treatment of any abnormalities of the bone-muscular-joint-nervous system of the human body. The scope of an orthopedist’s activity is very wide and demanding, often referring even to bioengineering due to the innovative forms, methods, and tools of surgical treatment used in order to immobilize bones and joints or fixation of tissue fragments. A consultation with an orthopedic specialist in Coimbatore will give you better results
- treats injuries of motor organs, post-traumatic complications and estimates the prognosis and recovery time in the case of regeneration of tissues affected by pathology;
- plans and implements conservative treatment e.g. sets pharmacotherapy in chronic joint pain syndromes, selects orthopedic equipment;
- decides about the necessity to refer the patient to other specialists, e.g. a neurologist or a physiotherapist;
- orders physiotherapy treatments, e.g. cryotherapy, magnetic field, ultrasounds, or electrotherapy;
- may refer you to additional tests, e.g. X-rays;
- cooperates with physiotherapists in the field of creating a rehabilitation program, supervises and evaluates the effectiveness of their work and patient cooperation;
- draws up medical recommendations for the patient;
- performs surgical procedures on bones and other systemic organs.
What is involved in orthopedic treatment?
An orthopedic doctor deals with the treatment of degenerative changes and all kinds of inflammation of the bones and the ligamentous system. In addition, it heals damage to peripheral nerves, posture defects, injuries of bones and surrounding soft tissues, and genetic diseases that affect the motor function of the body. The orthopedist also carries out neoplastic and infectious bone lesions, offers consultations in the field of orthopedic supplies, rehabilitation, and limb prostheses.
Traumatologist and orthopedist
The names ” traumatologist ” and “orthopedist” are often used interchangeably, although they are not identical at all. If non-invasive treatment is not enough, the orthopedist performs surgical operations. An orthopedic surgeon, called a traumatologist, focuses on invasive methods of diagnosis and treatment. He is an orthopedic specialist in the field of repairing motor system damage resulting from accidents. The task of the traumatologist is to reconstruct the motor structures with the help of available stabilizers, implants, and fillers, plates, screws, or adhesives of complete biocompatibility.
What does an orthopedist do? Other specializations
Due to the wide range of needs for physicians of the musculoskeletal system, the orthopedist may be limited to a narrow group of patients.
That is why the following are distinguished
Sports orthopedist, dealing with injuries resulting from sports and recreational activities. A sports orthopedist carries out periodic check-ups of athletes in terms of changes in the motor organs, controls the effectiveness of training methods, and fights against the so-called doping optimizes the nutritional methods of patients, prevents injuries, heals, and directs them to sports injury rehabilitation, and biological regeneration;
Pediatric orthopedist, i.e. a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of patients from infancy to maturity, conducts examinations and functional tests, recognizes birth defects in newborns and acquired defects in children’s posture, educates parents in the prevention and treatment of incorrect posture;
A foot orthopedist deals with injuries of the bones and joints of the foot, e.g. halluxes, hammertoes, flat feet, ingrown toenails, stiff big toe; conducts arthroscopy of the ankle joint and provides advice on the selection of insoles and orthopedic footwear, and refers to post-traumatic and post-operative physiotherapy of the foot.